L’Art en guerre. France, 1938–1947

From Picasso to Dubuffet

March 16, 2013 – September 8, 2013

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Didactic spaces sponsored by:

If you visit the didactic space of L'Art en guerre you will find a timeline of historical, political, artistic and cultural related events that took place, mainly in France, during the 1938-1947 years. These events influenced, either positively or negatively, the artistic circle and, contextualize the works in galleries. Here you can see an extract of the chronology. Besides, in the didactic space the exhibition catalogue is available for consultation.

L’art en guerre. France, 1938–1947: From Picasso to DubuffetInternacional French politics Art and culture

  • 1938

    International Surrealist Exhibition, Beaux-Arts Gallery, Paris.

    Signing of the Munich Agreement.

  • 1939

    The Spanish Civil War, which started in 1936, comes to an end after the fall of Madrid to Franco's forces. Thousands of Spanish refugees settled in and around Paris and Toulouse, France.

    France and the United Kingdom declare war on Germany.

  • 1940

    The Nazi army enters Paris.

    Formation of the Pétain government, which sets out conditions for the Armistice.

    In a BBC broadcast from London, General Charles de Gaulle calls on the French to resist.

  • 1941

    Official visit to Germany by French artists Paul Belmondo, Henri Bouchard, André Derain, Charles Despiau, André Dunoyer de Segonzac, Othon Friesz, Paul Landowski, and Maurice de Vlaminck (among others), organized by the Nazi propaganda machine.

    Japanese forces attack Pearl Harbor, causing more than two thousand deaths and a thousand injuries among American forces.

    The United States enters the war.

  • 1942

    The first convoy of deported Jews leaves Drancy for Auschwitz. There will be more than seventy convoys by August 1944.

    Arno Breker exhibition opens at Orangerie des Tuileries.

    Vel'd'Hiv Roundup in Paris. More than thirteen thousand people, including more than four thousand children, are detained by the French police working for the Occupation. Only a few hundred will survive deportation.

    Official opening of Palais de Tokyo, a Musée National d`art modern in Paris.

  • 1943

    Nazi surrender at Stalingrad.

    Start of Compulsory Work Service (STO). French workers are forced to work in Germany.

  • 1944

    Allied landings in Normandy and Provence.

    General de Gaulle enters liberated Paris.

    The steering committee of the National Art Front, chaired by Picasso, calls for various artists and art critics to be arrested for acts of collaboration.

  • 1945

    Germany surrenders.

    Start of the Nuremberg trials, held by military tribunals of the Allied forces against Nazi representatives.

    General de Gaulle becomes President of the Council (the Prime Minister) of the tripartite government, made up of the French Communist Party (PCF), French Section of the Workers’ International (SFIO), and Popular Republic Movement (MRP).

  • 1946

    Art et Résistance (Art and Resistance) exhibition, Musée national d’Art moderne.

    Exhibition of artwork by patients at Saint-Anne psychiatric hospital.

    Dubuffet, Mirobolus, Macadam et Cie (Dubuffet, Mirobolus, Macadam and Others) exhibition, Galerie Drouin.

  • 1947

    Launch of the American Marshall plan to help rebuild Europe and fight against Communism.

    Reopening of the National Museum of Modern Art, directed by Jean Cassou.
    International Surrealist Exhibition, Galerie Maeght.

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